The use of Mock objects is a standard testing methodology for Python and other object-oriented languages. This library defines Mock classes that simulate responses to API calls. You can use them to test how your code handles basic interactions with Google APIs.

Note: Many of the Python Client Library test scripts use these classes.


This class simulates the response to a single HTTP request. As arguments, the constructor for the HttpMock object takes a dictionary object representing the response header and the path to a file. When this resource built on this object is executed, it simply returns contents of the file.


This example uses HttpMock to simulate the basic steps necessary to complete an API call to the Google Books API. The first Mock HTTP returns a status code of 200 and a file named books-discovery.json, which is the discovery document that describes the Books API. This file is a necessary part of the building of the service object, which takes place in the next few lines. The actual request is executed using the second Mock object. This returns the contents of books-android.json, the simulated response.

from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.http import HttpMock
import pprint

http = HttpMock('books-discovery.json', {'status': '200'})
api_key = 'your_api_key'
service = build('books', 'v1', http=http, developerKey=api_key)
request = service.volumes().list(source='public', q='android')
http = HttpMock('books-android.json', {'status': '200'})
response = request.execute(http=http)



The HttpMockSequence class simulates the sequence of HTTP responses. Each response consists of a header (a dictionary) and a content object (which can be a reference to a file, a JSON-like data structure defined inline, or one of the keywords listed below). When the resource built from this Mock object is executed, it returns the series of responses, one by one.

Special Values for simulated HTTP responses

Instead of a pre-defined object, your code can use one of the following keywords as the content object of a simulated HTTP response. At runtime, the Mock object returns the information described in the table.

Keyword Returns:
echo_request_headers the complete request headers
echo_request_headers_as_json the complete request headers as a json object
echo_request_body the request body
echo_request_uri the request uri


The following code snippet combines the two HTTP call simulations from the previous snippet into a single Mock object. The object created using HttpMockSequence simulates the return of the discovery document from the books.volume.list service, then the return of the result of the ‘android’ query (built in to the request object). You could add code to this snipped to print the contents of response, test that it returned successfully, etc.

from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.http import HttpMockSequence

books_discovery = # Saved data from a build response
books_android = # Saved data from a request to list android volumes

http = HttpMockSequence([
    ({'status': '200'}, books_discovery),
    ({'status': '200'}, books_android)])
api_key = 'your_api_key'
service = build('books', 'v1',
request = service.volumes().list(source='public', q='android')
response = request.execute()