Storage Client#

Client for interacting with the Google Cloud Storage API.

class google.cloud.storage.client.Client(project=<object object>, credentials=None, _http=None, client_info=None)[source]#

Bases: google.cloud.client.ClientWithProject

Client to bundle configuration needed for API requests.

Parameters:
  • project (str or None) – the project which the client acts on behalf of. Will be passed when creating a topic. If not passed, falls back to the default inferred from the environment.
  • credentials (Credentials) – (Optional) The OAuth2 Credentials to use for this client. If not passed (and if no _http object is passed), falls back to the default inferred from the environment.
  • _http (Session) – (Optional) HTTP object to make requests. Can be any object that defines request() with the same interface as requests.Session.request(). If not passed, an _http object is created that is bound to the credentials for the current object. This parameter should be considered private, and could change in the future.
  • client_info (ClientInfo) – The client info used to send a user-agent string along with API requests. If None, then default info will be used. Generally, you only need to set this if you’re developing your own library or partner tool.
SCOPE = ('https://www.googleapis.com/auth/devstorage.full_control', 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/devstorage.read_only', 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/devstorage.read_write')#

The scopes required for authenticating as a Cloud Storage consumer.

batch()[source]#

Factory constructor for batch object.

Note

This will not make an HTTP request; it simply instantiates a batch object owned by this client.

Return type:google.cloud.storage.batch.Batch
Returns:The batch object created.
bucket(bucket_name, user_project=None)[source]#

Factory constructor for bucket object.

Note

This will not make an HTTP request; it simply instantiates a bucket object owned by this client.

Parameters:
  • bucket_name (str) – The name of the bucket to be instantiated.
  • user_project (str) – (Optional) the project ID to be billed for API requests made via the bucket.
Return type:

google.cloud.storage.bucket.Bucket

Returns:

The bucket object created.

classmethod create_anonymous_client()[source]#

Factory: return client with anonymous credentials.

Note

Such a client has only limited access to “public” buckets: listing their contents and downloading their blobs.

Return type:google.cloud.storage.client.Client
Returns:Instance w/ anonymous credentials and no project.
create_bucket(bucket_or_name, requester_pays=None, project=None)[source]#

API call: create a new bucket via a POST request.

See https://cloud.google.com/storage/docs/json_api/v1/buckets/insert

Parameters:
  • bucket_or_name (Union[ Bucket, str, ]) – The bucket resource to pass or name to create.
  • requester_pays (bool) – Optional. Whether requester pays for API requests for this bucket and its blobs.
  • project (str) – Optional. the project under which the bucket is to be created. If not passed, uses the project set on the client.
Returns:

google.cloud.storage.bucket.Bucket

The newly created bucket.

Raises:

google.cloud.exceptions.Conflict – If the bucket already exists.

Examples

Create a bucket using a string.

    bucket = client.create_bucket("my-bucket")
    assert isinstance(bucket, Bucket)
    # <Bucket: my-bucket>

Create a bucket using a resource.

>>> from google.cloud import storage
>>> client = storage.Client()
>>> # Set properties on a plain resource object.
>>> bucket = storage.Bucket("my-bucket-name")
>>> bucket.location = "europe-west6"
>>> bucket.storage_class = "COLDLINE"
>>> # Pass that resource object to the client.
>>> bucket = client.create_bucket(bucket)  # API request.
current_batch#

Currently-active batch.

Return type:google.cloud.storage.batch.Batch or NoneType (if no batch is active).
Returns:The batch at the top of the batch stack.
download_blob_to_file(blob_or_uri, file_obj, start=None, end=None)[source]#

Download the contents of a blob object or blob URI into a file-like object.

Parameters:
  • blob_or_uri (Union[ Blob, str, ]) – The blob resource to pass or URI to download.
  • file_obj (file) – A file handle to which to write the blob’s data.
  • start (int) – Optional. The first byte in a range to be downloaded.
  • end (int) – Optional. The last byte in a range to be downloaded.

Examples

Download a blob using using a blob resource.

>>> from google.cloud import storage
>>> client = storage.Client()
>>> bucket = client.get_bucket('my-bucket-name')
>>> blob = storage.Blob('path/to/blob', bucket)
>>> with open('file-to-download-to') as file_obj:
>>>     client.download_blob_to_file(blob, file_obj)  # API request.

Download a blob using a URI.

>>> from google.cloud import storage
>>> client = storage.Client()
>>> with open('file-to-download-to') as file_obj:
>>>     client.download_blob_to_file(
>>>         'gs://bucket_name/path/to/blob', file_obj)
get_bucket(bucket_or_name)[source]#

API call: retrieve a bucket via a GET request.

See https://cloud.google.com/storage/docs/json_api/v1/buckets/get

Parameters:bucket_or_name (Union[ Bucket, str, ]) – The bucket resource to pass or name to create.
Returns:
google.cloud.storage.bucket.Bucket
The bucket matching the name provided.
Raises:google.cloud.exceptions.NotFound – If the bucket is not found.

Examples

Retrieve a bucket using a string.

    try:
        bucket = client.get_bucket("my-bucket")
    except google.cloud.exceptions.NotFound:
        print("Sorry, that bucket does not exist!")

Get a bucket using a resource.

>>> from google.cloud import storage
>>> client = storage.Client()
>>> # Set properties on a plain resource object.
>>> bucket = client.get_bucket("my-bucket-name")
>>> # Time passes. Another program may have modified the bucket
... # in the meantime, so you want to get the latest state.
>>> bucket = client.get_bucket(bucket)  # API request.
get_service_account_email(project=None)[source]#

Get the email address of the project’s GCS service account

Parameters:project (str) – (Optional) Project ID to use for retreiving GCS service account email address. Defaults to the client’s project.
Return type:str
Returns:service account email address
list_blobs(bucket_or_name, max_results=None, page_token=None, prefix=None, delimiter=None, versions=None, projection='noAcl', fields=None)[source]#

Return an iterator used to find blobs in the bucket.

If user_project is set, bills the API request to that project.

Parameters:
  • bucket_or_name (Union[ Bucket, str, ]) – The bucket resource to pass or name to create.
  • max_results (int) – (Optional) The maximum number of blobs in each page of results from this request. Non-positive values are ignored. Defaults to a sensible value set by the API.
  • page_token (str) – (Optional) If present, return the next batch of blobs, using the value, which must correspond to the nextPageToken value returned in the previous response. Deprecated: use the pages property of the returned iterator instead of manually passing the token.
  • prefix (str) – (Optional) prefix used to filter blobs.
  • delimiter (str) – (Optional) Delimiter, used with prefix to emulate hierarchy.
  • versions (bool) – (Optional) Whether object versions should be returned as separate blobs.
  • projection (str) – (Optional) If used, must be ‘full’ or ‘noAcl’. Defaults to 'noAcl'. Specifies the set of properties to return.
  • fields (str) – (Optional) Selector specifying which fields to include in a partial response. Must be a list of fields. For example to get a partial response with just the next page token and the name and language of each blob returned: 'items(name,contentLanguage),nextPageToken'. See: https://cloud.google.com/storage/docs/json_api/v1/parameters#fields
Returns:

Iterator of all Blob in this bucket matching the arguments.

list_buckets(max_results=None, page_token=None, prefix=None, projection='noAcl', fields=None, project=None)[source]#

Get all buckets in the project associated to the client.

This will not populate the list of blobs available in each bucket.

    for bucket in client.list_buckets():
        print(bucket)

This implements “storage.buckets.list”.

Parameters:
  • max_results (int) – Optional. The maximum number of buckets to return.
  • page_token (str) – Optional. If present, return the next batch of buckets, using the value, which must correspond to the nextPageToken value returned in the previous response. Deprecated: use the pages property of the returned iterator instead of manually passing the token.
  • prefix (str) – Optional. Filter results to buckets whose names begin with this prefix.
  • projection (str) – (Optional) Specifies the set of properties to return. If used, must be ‘full’ or ‘noAcl’. Defaults to ‘noAcl’.
  • fields (str) – (Optional) Selector specifying which fields to include in a partial response. Must be a list of fields. For example to get a partial response with just the next page token and the language of each bucket returned: ‘items/id,nextPageToken’
  • project (str) – (Optional) the project whose buckets are to be listed. If not passed, uses the project set on the client.
Return type:

Iterator

Raises:

ValueError – if both project is None and the client’s project is also None.

Returns:

Iterator of all Bucket belonging to this project.

lookup_bucket(bucket_name)[source]#

Get a bucket by name, returning None if not found.

You can use this if you would rather check for a None value than catching an exception:

    bucket = client.lookup_bucket("doesnt-exist")
    assert not bucket
    # None
    bucket = client.lookup_bucket("my-bucket")
    assert isinstance(bucket, Bucket)
    # <Bucket: my-bucket>
Parameters:bucket_name (str) – The name of the bucket to get.
Return type:google.cloud.storage.bucket.Bucket
Returns:The bucket matching the name provided or None if not found.